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Grayling introduces a new visual guide to legislative processes in Central & Eastern Europe

2015 november 3

The infographic will aid professionals across the CEE region, who will now have instant access to intelligence on the similarities and differences in legislative decision-making – and therefore an understanding of how best to build advocacy programmes to influence these processes.

The data shows that the countries have much in common, with the procedure usually consisting of three main stages and many points of similarity in the details. Furthermore, the consultation process, which usually precedes the first reading in the Parliament, is a vital stage in terms of influencing decision-making across the region. It is also the least transparent stage since negotiations behind closed doors dominate the process in all seven countries.

The parliamentary stage in each country is characterized by work in specialist committees, with every parliamentarian across the seven CEE countries – with the exception of Russia’s Federation Council (Upper House) – being directly elected. A final point of similarity is that, in the final stage, all draft Acts must receive Presidential assent, with every CEE President having the power of veto.

“However, the infographic also reveals several important differences across the region. For example, while most CEE countries tend to skip the consultation process to accelerate the pace of law-making, in Romania it is mandatory to submit all draft laws for public consultation, no matter who has initiated the draft legislation. Furthermore, Bulgaria, Hungary and Slovakia are the only countries with a unicameral system, which means there is only one parliamentary chamber.” – commented Gergely Ábrahám, Head of CEE Public Affairs Practice Group at Grayling.

A final factor which has an important impact on advocacy campaigns is the number of ministries in each country, which varies significantly. Bulgaria, for example, the second smallest country of the seven analysed, has 17 government ministries, compared with Hungary, which has consolidated down to just nine. 



Grayling Team

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